"It is not wrong to go back for that which you have forgotten."
The Akan People, Republic of Ghana
Prior to the 1415 AD arrival of European colonizers, six West African empires rose to prominence. Separated from the rest of the world by the vast expanse of the Sahara Desert, each empire was fueled by trade, rich in gold, & developed complex technological, architecture, academic, social and cultural achievements.
Ghana was an international trading epicenter, religious and cultural cross-road of West Africa (300-1100 AD)
Dr. Nubia Kai, PhD, Univ of Maryland (USA) lectures from her book, "Kuma Malinke Historiography: Sundiata Keita to Almamy Samori Toure." at the Library of Congress, Washington D.C. , Feb 8, 2016
1500 BC - 300 AD